Today we say that it is the giving of the Torah or the ten words or the ten commandments. But the Torah does not say that this is Shavuot.
A Bible teacher could explain what Shavuot is by taking some verses from ch. 12 of Shemot that tells us about Pesach and the departure of the people of Israel from Egypt.
Then he would take us to chap. 19 and 20 of Shemot where it says that the people of Israel arrived on the first day of the third month at Mount Sinai. He would tell us that Moshe went up the Mount at the command of Adonai and then came down the mount to tell the people of Israel to prepare for two days because on the third day HaShem would visit them. And we say that that was the first Shavuot recorded in the Torah for the children of Israel.
Then we find the commandment in Vayikrah 23: 15-22 about the Feast of Weeks. Where it tells us that we must present “an offering of new grains. Wave offering of the first fruits. ” Let us remember that the people of Israel, 90 percent were farmers. Says seeing. 22: “When harvest time comes, do not pick up the corners of the fields. Leave them for the poor and the foreigners. “Ani HaShem Elohekha”, “I am HaShem His Elohim.”
Then we see in Devarim / Deut. 26: 1-10 “When you have entered the land that HaShem your Elohim gives you as an inheritance, and you take possession of it and settle there, 2 you will take the first fruits of all that the land that HaShem your Elohim gives you produces, and you will put them in a basket. Then you will go to the place where HaShem your Elohim has decided to live, 3 and you will tell the priest who is officiating: “Today I declare, before HaShem your Elohim, that I have entered the land that he gave us, just as he swore to our ancestors”. 4 “The priest will take the basket from your hands and put it in front of the altar of HaShem your Elohim. 5 Then you will declare before HaShem your Elohim:”
“My father was a wandering Aramaic, and he went down to Egypt with few people. He lived there until he became a great nation, strong and numerous. 6 But the Egyptians mistreated us, made us suffer, and subjected us to forced labor. 7 We cry out to HaShem, the Elohim of our fathers, and he heard our plea and saw the misery, work, and oppression that they had imposed on us. 8 That is why HaShem brought us out of Egypt with portentous acts and a great display of power, with signs, wonders, and miracles that caused great terror. 9 He brought us to this place and gave us this land, where milk and honey abound. 10 So now I bring the first fruits of the land that HaShem your Elohim has given me. “
Then we see that on Shavuot the entire book of Ruth is studied because it was the time of the barley harvest. And then we see in Acts of the Apostles chap. 2 that Yeshua’s disciples were studying Torah for ten days and on Shavuot, in the temple, they received the promise that was made by the prophet Yoel, the outpouring of the Ruach.
Shavuot has to do with Giving.
HaShem gave us Freedom.
HaShem gave us Bread (physical) = Torah (spiritual bread)
HaShem gave us Mashiach ben David.
Boas & Ruth = Obed = Jesse = David = Yeshua Ha Mashiach Israel, Melech Haolam.
HaShem gave us His Ruach. And His Ruach moves us. It moves us to pray. It moves us to have direct communication with the Father. It moves us to read the Torah. It moves us to bring food to the needy. It moves us to holiness. It moves us to Give.
If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Ruach Ha’Kodesh / Spirit of Holiness to those who ask him!”
And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever—
And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.
1 Corinthians 3:16
Don’t you know that you yourselves are Elohim’s temple and that Elohim’s Spirit dwells in your midst?
Teach me to do your will, for you are my Elohim; may your good Ruach / Spirit lead me on level ground.
15 “If you love me, keep my commands. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever— 17 the Ruach / Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. 19 Before long, the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. 20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you. 21 Whoever has my commands and keeps them is the one who loves me. The one who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love them and show myself to them.”
Hag Shavuot Sameach!